Academy - A state funded school in England, which is owned and receives its funding directly from central government, rather than a local authority.
ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.
ASD - Autistic Spectrum Disorder.
CAF - Common Assessment Framework. A method of assessment that can be used by social services, health or education; it is not statutory, meaning it does not replace a statutory assessment.
CAFA - The Children and Families Act 2014.
CAMHS - Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services.
Care Plan - A record of health and/or social care services that are being provided for a child or young person.
CCG - Clinical Commissioning Group. This is an NHS organisation, which brings together local GPs and health professionals to take on commissioning responsibilities for local health services. A CCG plans and arranges the delivery of the health care provision for people in its area.
Code or COP - The Special Education Needs and Disability Code of Practice 2015. This contains statutory guidance on the Children and Families Act 2014.
CP - Cerebral Palsy. A physical impairment that affects mobility.
CSDPA - The Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act 1970. This is one of the main Acts of Parliament that entitles social care to disabled people.
DfE - Department for Education.
Direct Payments - Payments may in lieu of services being provided. Direct Payments may be available for health care, social care and for the special educational provision in an EHC plan (see definition below).
Disagreement Resolution ('Dis Res') - The dispute resolution service offered by a local authority to resolve disagreements between parents and the local authority.
EA 1996 - Education Act 1996.
Early Years Provider - A provider of early education places for children under the age of 5. This can include state funded and private nurseries.
EFA - Educational Funding Agency. This is an arm of the Department for Education. It allocates funding to local authorities for maintained and voluntary aided schools.
EHC Needs Assessment - An assessment of the education, health care and social care needs of a child or young person conducted by a local authority under the Children and Families Act 2014.
EHC Plan - An education, health and care plan as defined in section 32 (2) of the Children and Families Act 2014.
EHRC - Equality and Human Rights Commission.
EP - Educational Psychologist.
EqA or EQA - The Equality Act 2010.
EYFS - The Early Years Foundation Stage. A statutory framework that covers children both in pre-school settings and in reception classes up to their fifth birthday.
FE - Further Education. The FE sector in England includes further education colleges, sixth forms, specialist colleges and adult education institutes. It does not include universities.
Free school - A type of academy.
Healthwatch England - Healthwatch England is an independent consumer champion, gathering and representing the views of the public about health and social care services in England. It operates both at a national and local level.
HI - Hearing Impairment.
Home authority - This usually means the local authority in which a child or young person in ordinarily resident (and that, therefore, has the responsibility to the child or young person under the Children and Families Act 2014).
IEP - Individual Education Plan. A plan that sets out the support a child is receiving in their school or other setting. There is no longer a specific requirement for children with SEN to have a plan called an IEP under the Code; however, children with SEN may still have IEPs.
Independent school - A school that is not maintained by a local authority.
Independent supporter - A person recruited by a voluntary or community sector organisation to help with the process of developing an EHC plan and to help families that are going through an EHC needs assessment.
LA - Local Authority.
LDA - A Learning Difficulties Assessment under section 139A, Learning and Skills Act 2000.
Local Healthwatch - The local version of Healthwatch England.
LSA - Learning Support Assistant (sometimes referred to as a TA or Teaching Assistant.
MLD - Moderate Learning Difficulties. This is not a legal term but is used frequently in relation to the description of a school.
OCD - Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
ODD - Obsessive Defiance Disorder.
Ofsted - Office for standards in education, children's services and skills. This is the body that inspects and regulates services that care for children and young people.
OT - Occupational Therapy (sometimes OT refers directly to the therapist).
PCP - A provision, criterion or practice (relevant for indirect discrimination and the duty to make reasonable adjustments under the Equality Act 2010.
PDD - Pervasive Developmental Disorder.
Personal Budget - A Personal Budget is the notional amount of money that the LA has identified as necessary to secure the special educational provision in an EHC plan.
PMLD - Profound and Multiple Learning Difficulties.
Portage - Home-based educational support for pre-school children with SEN.
PPO/PPS - Parent Partnership Officer who operates within a Parent Partnership Service (every LA must have one). They provide advice to parents about SEN.
PRU - Pupil Referral Unit. This is an institution that educates children and young people that have been excluded from mainstream schools. They have the same legal status as mainstream schools but they do not have to teach the national curriculum.
RB - The Responsible Body of a school.
SEN - Special Educational Needs.
SENCO - Special Educational Needs Coordinator. This is a teacher with the responsibility for coordinating special help for children with SEN in their school.
SEP - Special Educational Provision.
SLD - Severe Learning Difficulties. This is not a legal term but is used in relation to the description of a school.
SLT or SALT - Speech and Language Therapy (this is sometimes used to refer directly to the speech and language therapist).
VI - Visual Impairment.